Comprehensive range of diagnostic tests including laboratory tests (blood tests, cytology, biopsy), radiographs (x-rays), CT scan, ultrasound and minimally-invasive endoscopic procedures
Management of dermatologic (skin), endocrine (hormonal), reproductive, cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal and liver, kidney and urinary tract, neurologic, neoplastic (tumour, cancer), infectious diseases and more
Testing and management of viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic diseases
Using specialised exotics anaesthetic equipment and the latest guidelines for exotics anaesthesia and pain relief
Corrective burring of overgrown teeth and spurs, tooth extractions, treatment of dental-associated abscesses, apicoectomies, dental cleaning
24-hour hospital care in a dedicated exotics ward with intensive care incubators
Management of emergency and critical cases, including fluid therapy, oxygen therapy, air sac catheters, thoracostomy tubes, blood transfusions, centesis and more
Exotic pets are very good at hiding signs of illness. Regular health checks allow illnesses to be detected early. It also allows for any improvements to be made to your pet's husbandry and diet, to ensure optimal health and reduce the risk of future health problems.
Exotics anaesthesia often brings a lot of fear to pet owners, and this is understandable. There are many “horror stories” about pets undergoing anaesthesia for routine procedures and not waking up from the anaesthetic.
What is anaesthesia? Anaesthesia creates a state of unconsciousness, muscle relaxation, amnesia and pain relief, and is used in animals and people to allow surgeries and other painful procedures to be performed. During anaesthesia, the normal physiologic processes, such as heart rate, blood pressure and breathing, can become depressed. With the correct combination of anaesthetic agents and monitoring equipment, these can be controlled. Over the years, there have been significant improvements in patient safety when it comes to anaesthesia and the risks of anaesthesia are very low.
In dogs and cats, anaesthetic mortality risk is less than 1%. In exotic pets, mortality rates have been reported for rabbits, rats, guinea pigs and birds, and range from 1% to 4%. The reason for this higher % is largely due to differences in their anatomy and physiology, which are misunderstood, and underlying illnesses that can go undetected.
At AVES, we understand the unique needs of our exotics patients, and our staff are highly trained in managing the anaesthetics of exotics, from routine to complex, from admission to discharge. We take every precaution to reduce the risks.
On admission, the patients are examined to ensure they are fit to undergo an anaesthetic and if needed, blood tests are performed to check for illnesses that may affect their anaesthetic safety. The patients are set up comfortably in a stress-free environment. The anaesthetic drug protocol is tailored to the needs of the patient and the procedure being performed.
During the anaesthetic, the patients are monitored continuously.
• Endotracheal intubation and ventilation: an endotracheal tube allows control of the airway, monitoring of ventilation and provision of ventilation if the patient is not breathing adequately.
• Oxygenation: oxygen is delivered, and haemoglobin saturation is continuously monitored, along with the heart rate.
• Blood pressure: adequate blood pressure is essential to deliver blood to vital organs and is continuously monitored.
• Intravenous catheterisation: IV catheters are placed to deliver intravenous fluids and any medications necessary. It also allows prompt delivery of emergency drugs if required.
• Thermal support: the smaller the patient, the faster they lose body heat, which can result in anaesthetic complications. Patients are kept warm with warming devices and body temperature is continuously monitored.
• ECG (electrocardiography): electrical activity of the heart is monitored for arrhythmias.
• Multi-modal analgesia: the pain pathway has many components and pain can adversely affect anaesthetic recovery and the welfare of the patient. Pain relief is provided using a multi-modal approach, ensuring the pain pathway is intercepted at multiple steps.
Once the anaesthetic is finished, patients are monitored until they are recovered, ensuring all their vital parameters have returned to normal and their pain is controlled.
We are happy to discuss any questions or concerns you may have about your pet undergoing anaesthesia.
Dogs and cats are routinely desexed for health and behavioural reasons. In exotics, there are also many benefits to desexing.
At AVES, patients undergoing desexing surgery receive intravenous fluids and take-home pain relief. Click here for information about exotics anaesthesia. We are happy to discuss any questions you may have about desexing your pet.
Endoscopy means to look inside. A small camera is used to look inside organs or body cavities (through key hole incisions) under magnification, and small instruments are used to take samples for testing (eg. biopsies) or remove foreign material/objects, making it minimally-invasive.
With technological advances and ongoing research, there are numerous endoscopic procedures that can be performed in exotic pets, even in some of the smallest patients. Common procedures include:
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